نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری معماری دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بین الملل کیش، کیش، ایران
2 استادیار دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگارامام(ره) ، شهرری، ایران
3 استادیار گروه مهندسی مکانیک، دانشگاه بین المللی امام خمینی، قزوین ، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
From time immemorial, the issue of energy management has been a human concern in architecture. The concern of the outer layers of a structure is of particular importance since it is regarded as the first external element of the building in energy management issues. The study of historical monuments in Iran demonstrates that this dispute has been considered by architects in the past. Shiraz, one of the ancient cities of Iran, behods many historical and traditional buildings. The issue that can be raised here is the application of new methods in energy consumption with skylights of traditional buildings in Shiraz. This research seeks to answer this question in a descriptive and analytical manner with a quantitative and qualitative approach. Due to this standing, in the present study, the optimal percentage of openings, prime angle of louvers and ideal glass in a high-rise residential building has been simulated using Design Builder software. For this purpose, initially, for the optimal percentage of openings, the percentage of exterior windows from 0% to 100% each with a step of 10% was examined, then to determine the best Louvre angle in the building on three fronts: south, east and west, 17 different modes; the Louvre angle was considered and in order to determine the optimal glass in the outer wall of the building for their effect on the cooling load of the building, three types of glass were selected. Due to the fact that skylights have had the necessary efficiency in traditional architecture and have been used for years and the results of their use are known, and most traditional methods of lighting and light control can be replaced with new procedures. The outer layer is designed with the same function and quality, consequently the methods that were used in the past in the design of skylights in buildings can be re-modeled for new buildings.
1- Recognizing the best position of the window in order to reduce energy consumption and comfort of building occupants.
Using the patterns used in traditional skylights in modern buildings to reduce energy.
1- How much energy can be saved by optimizing skylights in a high-rise residential building?
2- Can traditional skylights be adapted and modeled for today's buildings?