عنوان مقاله [English]
Revolutions have taken place at diverse times throughout history and in various societies and each bear their own nature and ideology appropriate to the society and culture in which they have been formed. The Iranian society also experienced a revolution in 1978 named as the Islamic Revolution of Iran in which the main philosophy behind this uprising was Islam. In accordance with this ideology, the Iranian society witnessed the presence of unalike groups and strata simultaneously with the emergence of the Islamic Revolution; in this case, the role of women was valiant. Similarly, in the Algerian society, a revolution took place in 1954, in which women also played a vital role. The issue that can be raised here is the role of cultural and religious elements in the participation of women in the two aforementioned revolutions; moreover, the position of women in such societies subsequently to the revolution is also studied. This research has been written in a descriptive and analytical method by the means of library data. The research findings indicate that Iranian women have played a pivotal role in organizing and accompanying the phases of the revolutions by attending cultural events. In Iran and Algeria, women's rights have been the subject of serious debates of a political-religious nature. In general, Iranian intellectual women provided a powerful example of gender activism in the Islamic context after the Iranian revolution. However, due to the dominance of a number of cultural and religious propositions, the role and presence of women in societies such as Iran and Algeria was limited after the triumph of the revolutions.
1. Investigating the cultural and religious elements of women's participation in the Islamic Revolution of Iran and Algeria.
2. Examining the position and role of women in post-revolutionary discourses.
1. What cultural and religious elements played a role in women's participation in the Islamic Revolution of Iran and the Algerian Revolution?
2. What was the role and position of women in society after the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran and the Algerian Revolution?