عنوان مقاله [English]
The Safavid Sufis, who began their work with the activities of Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardabili in the seventh century, over time, took advantage of the alignment of political and social conditions of the time and attempted that two centuries later the same Sufis became veteran troops that formed the Safavid rule. In the period after Shah Ismail and the consolidation of Safavid power, while the need for Shiite jurisprudence was partially met by the migration of Shiite scholars to Iran, the status of jurists gradually raised. Shiite jurists were opposed to the rites of the Sufis and their non-observance of the rulings, and sought to reduce the Sufis' disregard for the rulings of the jurisprudence, even by appealing to the Safavid rule. Moghadas Ardabili, as the most prominent Shiite jurist in the tenth century, was among the staunchest opponents of the Sufis. The present study has been conducted to investigate the causes of Ardabili's holy opposition to Sufis in the book Hadith al-Shi'ah and emphasizes that according to the position of Sufis in Safavid society, Moghadas Ardebili’s negative approach in the form of historical confrontation between jurists and Sufis has influenced this practice and situation that was specific to the Sufis of the Safavid era? The results of the research that are obtained from the study of library resources achieved by content analysis show that the historical atmosphere of the period of stabilization and the need for religious and governmental institutions intensified the competition between jurists and Sufis. Moghadas Ardabili, citing jurisprudential sources, considers the actions and behavior of Sufis to be illegitimate and criminal. While excommunicating the Sufis, he did not distinguish between the virtuous and the immorality of this group.
Analysis of the causes of the conflict between Tariqah and Sharia in the Safavid period.
Examination of relationship between Tariqah and Shari'a from viewpoint of Moghadas Ardabili, relying on the book of Hadighat-al Shi’ah.
What were the reasons for the confrontation between Tarighat and Sharia in the Safavid period?
What is the opinion of Moghadas Ardebili on Shari'a and Tariqah according to his book Hadighat-al Shi’ah?