عنوان مقاله [English]
After the advent of Islam, this religion had a cultural, economic, social and political impact on societies. Under the influence of Islam, art underwent changes in societies and became famous under the term “Islamic art”. Therefore, Islamic art repeatedly focuses on generating beauty with the aid of abstract designs and the usage of letters. During this period, due to the relative limitations of other arts such as painting, music, sculpture, and sometimes even their prohibition, Muslims began to develop various methods in abstract fields. In the Abbasid period, as one of the most brilliant eras of Islamic civilization and culture, all categories of arts, including calligraphy, architecture and music received much attention; as so that the palaces of the caliphs were fortified with works of art and the gathering of artists. The Abbasid caliphs were influenced by the Iranian culture in all fields and supported artists of the former Sassanid court and rewarded them. In a way, art reached its perfection in this era. The components of Islamic art in the Abbasid period include: urban planning, painting, calligraphy, music, textile and Tiraz (inscribed fabrics). The present research has been accomplished via a descriptive and analytical methods by relying on the data of library resources. The findings of the research indicate that in this period, painting of the Baghdad school reached its greatest, furthermore, the interest of the Abbasid caliphs towards architectural values led to its growth, and in the field of textiles, the reflection of political and social changes initiated the development of Tiraz (inscribed fabrics).
Examining the visual features of art in the Abbasid period.
Studying the semantic features of art in the Abbasid period.
In the Abbasid period, what visual artistic features existed in the arts of painting, textiles and music?
What were the semantic features of arts in the Abbasid period?