عنوان مقاله [English]
Needlework was originated in the city of Kashmar and TorbatHeydarieh from the taste and gusto of the people of this land, derived from the beliefs and faith of artists women in those lands, which have unique forms and designs. Although, at first glance, these works seem simple and elemental, but visually have a coherent structure and, in addition, have meanings and concepts. The article studies the effects of needlework from the perspective of anthropology with three approaches of aesthetics, functionalism and semantics in this rich cultural-value area.
The purposeful study of eight villages in Kashmar and TorbatHeidarieh cities shows that these works can be divided into three forms of human, plant, and birds and animals.These works are a manifestation of a vibrant and beautiful environment in the aesthetic dimension, respect for nature and its preservation, the wish of refreshing gardens in the dry desert atmosphere of this area and the beliefs and faith concepts of people in the manifestation of animals such as mountain goat or manifestation of blessing and caricature in the Semantics dimensions.
In the functionalism dimension, we should refer to using of these works in various forms of application in their simple living environment such as Prayer Mats, bundle, and others.What deserves to be mentioned is the trend of the line of life and the hope of the family in this area that make the rural woman doing such works, although primitive, but meaningful.