عنوان مقاله [English]
Archetypes are one of the significant sections of mythological knowledge in which studying such features permits the analysis of the commonalities of the human mind in all ages; hence, by examining such archives, one can distinguish between the conscious and the unconscious mind, the essence of mythology. Anima is a famous archetype in Persian literature first introduced by psychologists like Jung. The ancient pattern of anima is semi-feminine in the presence of men. This archetype is shaped by the presence of the mother and father in every person's existence, and can evolve under the circumstances of one's life and society. This image has been repeatedly depicted by scholars in the poetry of various poets. Houshang Ebtehaj (H.F. Sayeh) and Siavash Kasraie are considered among contemporary poets in which archetypes have manifested in their poetry. The increase in public reputation in their literary works is due to the great deal of use of motifs, images, and words existing in people's ethnic memory. Since the role of a woman is an inseparable affiliate of Persian poetry which has been mentioned in various eras and at times has been the cornerstone of Persian poetry single-handedly, studying Anima's archetypes in the poems of Ebtehaj and Kasraie can aid to critique and analyze the thoughts and views of the two stated poets. In this descriptive-analytical study, data analysis method is qualitative and inductive reasoning method (from component to total) is used for reasoning. The results of this study suggest that due to the specific temporal and social characteristics of the poems of Ebtehaj and Kasraie, these archetypes take on various forms including significant features such as Anima of abstract/ imaginary and admiration towards nature which are reflections of these mysterious illustrations.
1. Investigating the distinctive role of the Anima archetype (woman and lover) based on psychological thoughts.
2. To think beyond the ideas of the poetry of Ebtehaj and Kasraie to study the archetype of "Anima" (the feminine psyche of men) and its various forms of appearance and presence in the words of these two poets.
1. How can one harmonize the ancient discourse of the Anima model with the topics of psychology?
2. In what way has the “Anima” (feminine psyche of men) archetype manifested in the poetic thoughts of Ebtehaj and Kasraie?