عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the controversial issues in the science of expression is the figure of speech of metaphor. In the early works of the rhetoric there is no mention of the metaphor and only Jarallah Zamakhshari and Jorjani have described it without any further mentioning. Later on, Sakaki elaborated on this in Muftah al-Alum. While according to Sakaki’s description and other rhetoric speakers, the metaphor of this structure is acceptable; others disapprove of its metaphor and regard it as a mockery and favor to refer to it as a simile and some merely repeat others’ views. Sakaki, as if observing that the metaphor was not a literal and metaphorical one, offered another analysis of such a metaphor, on the basis of which the metaphorical word the principals of simile were applied. Referring to these references, in the Sabikeh-al Zahab, although the brief Taftazani text is the criterion for this poem, but in the metaphorical discussion, by referring to the disagreements, the remarks of Khatib Qazvini is highlighted and his criticism of Sakkaki and Taftazani has been mentioned. Khatib Qazvini, an exponent of Sakaki's views, interpreted metaphor as "poetic simile in the soul" by refuting his point of view, which he called "metaphorical", thus refining the critics' view. Therefore, in this descriptive-analytical research these cases are described; furthermore, data is gathered via library research. The results of this adaptation imply that in the Sabikeh-al Zahab poetry, while referring to this divergence of views, opposing views such as Khatib Qazvin is mentioned and in the metaphorical discussion, the Khatib's point of view is more strongly insisted on and its reflection is evident in artworks.
1. Examine the themes of the metaphors in the style of Sabikeh-al Zahab poetry in accordance with the verses of the Qur'an.
2. Reflection of metaphors in the Sabikeh-al Zahab poetry in regard to artistic examples.
1. How have metaphors been studied in the Sabikeh-al Zahab poetry in accordance with related artworks?
2. How can one study the effect of metaphors in Sabikeh-al Zahab poetry and artworks?