ساختارشناسی مفهوم رضایتمندی مسکن با رویکرد فلسفه پدیدارشناسی (نمونه موردی، خانه قاجاری شیخ‌الاسلام و چند مجتمع مسکونی در زنجان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری معماری، گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران

2 حسین ذبیحی، دانشیار گروه شهرسازی و معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

3 دکترای تخصصی،استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین،ایران

چکیده

  سکونتگاه انسان، همواره جایگاه و اهمیت ویژه­ای در تأمین آسایش، آرامش و رضایتمندی وی داشته است.  از این­رو، «سر پناه» در اندیشه انسانی، دیرینه­ای به درازای تاریخ زندگی گروهی و اجتماعی دارد. امروزه، شماری بر این باورند که در دوران مدرن، معماری بیشتر چشم و منظر بصری را در نظر می­گیرد و به سایر ادراک حسی و بدن انسان کم توجه است. این پژوهش می­کوشد، روند منطقیِ شناسایی و اولویت‌بندی عناصرِ تجربیِ چند حسی در ارتقای رضایتمندی مسکن را تدوین نماید. این کار پژوهشی بر اساس روش تحقیقِ آمیخته (کمی و کیفی)، همراه با استدلال منطقی انجام شده است. در بخش کیفی، روش مشاهده پدیدارشناسانه و مصاحبه،  جهت شناسایی عوامل موثر بر مطلوبیت به کار رفته است. در روشِ کمی، از پرسشنامه برای گردآوری داده­های جامعه آماری (ساکنان مجتمع­های مسکونی زنجان) استفاده شده است. یافته­های پژوهش نشان می­دهد که پیوند بین آگاهی مفهومی، ادراک چند حسی، این همانی با طبیعت و مطلوبیت سکونتگاه معنادار است. همچنین، مؤلفه­های حسی موجود در خانه­های بررسی شده، بر کیفیت­ محیطی آن و نیز بر مطلوبیت فضا و رضایتمندی ساکنان تاثیر دارند.
 
اهداف پژوهش:
1 . بررسی و شناخت مطلوبیت مسکن و مفهوم رضایتمندی از آن، با رویکرد فلسفه پدیدارشناسی.
2 . تدوین و ارایه مدل مفهومی مطلوبیت سکونتگاه.
سوالات پژوهش:
1. آیا بین مؤلفه­های حسی و معیارهای کیفیت یک مجموعه مسکونی رابطه معناداری وجود دارد؟
2 . آیا خانه فقط نیاز اولیه انسان را برآورده می­کند یا اینکه مفهومی فراتر از آن است؟

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structuralism of the Concept of Housing Satisfaction with the Approach of Phenomenological Philosophy; (Case study, Qajar House of Shaykh al-Islam and Several Residential Complexes in Zanjan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yashar Aslanian 1
  • Hossein Zabihi 2
  • Kamal Rahbarimanesh 3
2 Associate Professor, Department of Urban Planning and Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Research and Science Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Uraban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
چکیده [English]

Human habitation has always had a special place and importance in providing comfort, tranquility and satisfaction. Hence, "shelter" in human thought has a long history of group and social life. Today, some believe that in modern times, architecture pays more attention to the visual eye and less attention to other sensory perceptions and the human body. This research tries to formulate a logical process of identifying and prioritizing the experimental elements of multisensory in promoting housing satisfaction. This research work is based on mixed research method (quantitative and qualitative), with logical reasoning. In the qualitative section, the method of phenomenological observation and interview has been used to identify the factors affecting desirability. In a quantitative method, a questionnaire was used to collect data from the statistical community (residents of residential complexes in Zanjan). Findings show that the connection between conceptual awareness, multisensory perception, this identity with the nature and desirability of habitation is significant. Also, the sensory components in the surveyed houses affect its environmental quality as well as the desirability of the space and the satisfaction of the residents. 
Research objectives: 
1. Investigating and recognizing the desirability of housing and the concept of satisfaction with it, with the approach of phenomenological philosophy. 
2. Develop and present a conceptual model of residential utility. 
Research questions: 
1. Is there a significant relationship between sensory components and quality criteria of a residential complex? 
2. Does the house only meet the basic human need or is it a concept beyond that? 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Housing Satisfaction
  • multisensory experience
  • Architectural Phenomenology
  • Residential Complex
  • Zanjan
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