عنوان مقاله [English]
No poet like Hafez has penetrated into the depths and angles of the mind and hearts of Iranians. He is the poet of all ages, and many strata, from mystics and writers to ordinary people, have each found their desired meanings in Hafez's words. Also, Hafez's worldview and humanistic themes in Persian literature have provided a great capacity for the globalization of his character; hence, Hafez's influence and poetry can be seen in many Eastern and Western countries. To this end, in order to better understand the cultural comprehensiveness of Hafez in diverse countries, this study attempts to study the influence and impact of Hafez's words in the literature and culture of Western and Eastern countries by adopting a library method and a comparative study. In fact, the aim of this study is to show the influence of Hafez's words with human themes on poets and writers of various countries including Germany and Czech-Slovakia, Indian subcontinent including Bengal and Pakistan, China, Ottoman Empire and Arab scholars. It is also intended to examine the reflection of Hafez's cultural comprehensiveness in these countries by studying and examining images of Hafez's illustrated manuscript (available at the New Delhi Museum). The results of this study show that Hafez's cultural comprehensiveness has crossed the border from Iran and reached the depths of Western and Eastern countries. In which that in addition to the cultural influence of Hafez's poems on a number of Western and Eastern countries, Iranian and Islamic culture has also penetrated and expanded and the theme of Iranian poetry and culture has been recognized as a symbol of peace and comfort.
1. To study how the principals and ideas of Hafez has penetrated into the countries worldwide.
2. To examine the reflection of the cultural comprehensiveness of Hafez's work in the images of its illustrated version.
1. How did Hafez's intellectual and cultural influence originate in different countries?
2. How have Hafez's ideas influenced the intellectual and cultural life of other countries?