نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری ، گروه فلسفهی هنر، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران ، ایران
2 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، گروه فلسفهی هنر
3 استادیار، گروه هنر و معماری، واحد کرمان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، کرمان ، ایران
4 استادیار، گروه فلسفهی هنر، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران ، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Poetic theories in contemporary times and in connection with them, contemporary poetry is influenced by structural linguistics or language as the subject of science. An approach to language that must be based on the theories of Ferdinand de Saussure. He defined language in a cycle of phonetic signals and meanings that remain limited in the mental imagination, and marked the beginning of the unifying space of twentieth-century formalist and abstract rhetoric. This approach to language and literary theory has an essential relation to Cartesian subjectivism, which is based on the separation of the mind from the object, in contrast to Heidegger's improvisation of man-in-the-world and the ontology of language, as well as the intersection of man and world in Merleau-Ponty's body phenomenology. Placed.
For Heidegger, only where there is language is the world, and we always find ourselves in the space that language opens, and it seems that this is the phenomenal space that can be in the world-being of man on the one hand and in the-language-being of man on the other. To connect; Because language and the world are presented to us simultaneously, and the mode of existence of both is spatial. Thus, space and the perception of language as space, as opposed to the perception language as form, is the origin of poetry and the rhetoric of space, a theory in which poetry is not embodied in an aesthetic approach to form and content, but in its openness to the world. It must be weighed against man,