عنوان مقاله [English]
Poetical theories in the contemporary era and in connection with them contemporary poetry is influenced by structural linguistics or language as a subject of science. An approach to language whose foundation should be found in the ideas of Ferdinand de Saussure. He defined language in a cycle of phonetic signifiers that remain limited in the mental imagination and it was the beginning of the homogenizing atmosphere of the formalist and abstract boutiques of the 20th century. The present research has been carried out in a descriptive and analytical way whilst relying on the data of library sources. This approach to language and literary theory has a substantial relationship with Cartesian subjectivism, which is based on the separation of the mind from the object and against the spontaneity of human being in the world and the ontology of language according to Heidegger, as well as the intersection of man and the world in the phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty's body. According to Heidegger, the world is only where language is; thus, we always find ourselves in the space that language opens and it seems that this is the phenomenal space that human beings in both in the world and language can connect together; for the reason that language and the world are offered to us together; moreover, the mode of existence of both is spatial. Therefore, the space and the perception of language as space, in contrast to the perception of language as form, is the origin of poetry and space, a theory in which poetry is found not with an aesthetic approach to form and content, but with its openness to the world. On the other hand, it should be measured in relation to humans. In this regard, space in painting has also been noticed by artists.
An examination of space in poetry from a philosophical and mystical point of view.
An inspection of space in painting from a philosophical and mystical point of view.
From a philosophical and mystical point of view, what factors have an effect on creating atmosphere in poetry?
From a philosophical and mystical point of view, how is spatiality created in painting?