عنوان مقاله [English]
Deviance is one of the important terms of the 20th century. One of the Russian formalists named Viktor Shklovski took the first step in the field of formalism with the publication of "Resurrection of the word" in 1914, and in the article "Art as art" based on the Russian word Ostrevanenja. Formalism, in other words, is a critical approach that analyzes the internal and inherent characteristics of a text. These features are not only grammatical; rather, they may include the literary devices applied. Iranian art and civilization flourished to some extent in the fifth and sixth centuries of Hijri. This boom can be traced to the emergence of works such as Asrar al-Tawheed. Classical mystical literature is rich in specific linguistic features. As mentioned, one of the remarkable books available is Asrar al-Tawheed, by Muhammad ibn Manoor that beholds unique linguistic and lexical coordinates. This research by following a descriptive, analytical and quantitative manner and based on the principals of formalist criticism aims to examine the types of linguistic tactics and deviations in the book of Asrar al-Tawheed. Since the main feature of Abul Saeed's prose is the use of the mentioned techniques, the examination of the text of Asrar al-Tawheed shows that its scientific prose revived the repetitive traditions of literature and created new foundations for science, nevertheless, the prose language of Abul Saeed Abul Khair is a language beyond the conventional language. Moderately, in addition to de-familiarizing the accustomed language, he has also respected the intermediation, that is, the reader discovers the hidden meaning after considerable reflection on the text.
1. Examining the stylistic characteristics of Asrar al-Tawheed.
2. Investigating the quality of Iranian art and civilization in the fifth and sixth centuries Hijri.
1. What are the main features of the general and specific style of Asrar al-Tawheed?
2. What was the state of Iranian art and civilization in the fifth and sixth centuries of Hijra?