عنوان مقاله [English]
In the Safavid era, which is one of the most brilliant periods of Iranian-Islamic art, the literary and artistic currents are a complete narration of the culture of the people of that time, which expands the artist's horizons. The close relationship between Iranian poetry and painting in this era and the entanglement of satirical poetry is one of the distinctive features of the art of this period. Among the famous satirical poets of this period, Bidel and Kalim can be mentioned, who brought satirical and critical concepts with their own artistic techniques. The issue that is raised here is the aesthetics of satire in literary works such as Bidel and Kalim and the recognition of this beauty in the art of the Safavid period. The present research is completed via a descriptive and analytical approach, relying on the data of library sources. The findings of the research indicate that the mentioned poets wrote their eloquent words in the structure of their satires with literary-artistic language and by acquiring the secrets of rhetoric, they addressed the people of thought and reflection. Among the famous painters of this era, Kamal- al din Behzad and Reza Abbasi, who created rich paintings with a new attitude can be named. Painters, like satirical poets, have well portrayed the concepts and meanings of the society with a vivid expression that indicates their characteristic recognition. The synchronicity and harmony between poetry and painting can be seen in the social circles of the time, especially in the coffee houses, where different classes of people were present to discuss and critique poetry and its association with painting.
1. Explaining the motivation of poets to design satirical categories in their literary works.
2. Recognizing the reflection of the culture of people of the Safavid era on the poetry and paintings of the period.
1. How did Bidel and Kalim use rhetorical elements in their satires?
2. Have the paintings of the Safavid era been able to reflect the culture of the people of that time?