عنوان مقاله [English]
The people of Greater Khorasan converted to Islam in the first half of the first century AH. At that time, Shiism had limited supporters; however, from the beginning of the third century, despite the authority of the Abbasid rulers, Shiism became the dominant religion of the people of the cities and villages of Khorasan. The beginning of this work initiated with the presence of Imam Reza (AS) and his actions. Nonetheless, in historical periods subsequently, until the tenth century, Shiism was once again a minority. However, as a result of various factors, Shiism flourished again with the mentioned rationality. The issue under study in this paper is the degree of the effectiveness of the endowments of Astan Quds Razavi in the growth and expansion of Shiism. The present research is accomplished via descriptive and analytical methods and relying on the data of library resources. The findings of the research indicate that the development of Shiite culture is one of the functions of the endowments of Astan Quds; in this regard, actions such as the growth of scientific and educational centers, development of libraries, publication of scientific and religious books, creation of pilgrimage and prayer areas, establishment of the Dar al-Shafa, organization of religious ceremonies and festivals can be mentioned. The increase in endowments of Astan Quds demonstrates that the accomplished actions took a large step towards the spread of Shiism; thus, the creation and development of welfare and cultural facilities in the Razavi shrine has succeeded in institutionalizing the Shiite culture.
1. Recognizing how and when Shiism developed in Khorasan.
2. Studying the role of Astan Quds Razavi endowments in the advancement of Shiism in Khorasan.
1. What factor triggered the development of Shiism from the tenth century onwards?
2. What role did the endowments of Astan Quds Razavi, as one of the oldest religious institutions, play in the advancement of the Shiite culture in Khorasan?