عنوان مقاله [English]
Political culture is a set of existing attitudes, values, and norms about policymaking and power supporting the whole development process. Political culture is formed during the political and social life of a society and under the influence of various factors such as climatic and geographical conditions, political and social system structure, historical conditions, belief system, customs, economic system and other various circumstances. Ongoing to this procedure, the process of socialization is institutionalized and passed down from generation to generation. In Qajar Iranian society, unhealthy political culture such as patrimonialism political structure, belief in superstitions, magic and destiny were the dominant thought in society and its traces can be traced in travelogues, newspapers and works of writers and thinkers of this period. Accordingly, the present study focuses on the effect of corrupt political culture on the underdevelopment and backwardness of the Qajar period and seeks to answer the question in a descriptive-analytical manner by applying the theoretical framework of Norman Fairclough critical analysis. The findings indicate that political culture, especially in its unhealthy field (superstition) through irrationality, scientism and ignorance, are the causes of underdevelopment in the Qajar period and this issue is well reflected in the religious lithographic versions of the Qajar period.
Recognition of the discourse of the political, social and cultural structure of the Qajar period.
Analysis of how the political, social and cultural structures of the Qajar period are reflected in religious lithographic versions.
What were the characteristics of the political, social and cultural structure of the Qajar period?
What is the reflection of the political, social and cultural structure of the Qajar period in the religious lithographic versions of the Qajar period?