نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 مربی، عضو هیأتعلمی دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه خلیجفارس، بوشهر، ایران.
2 دانشآموختهی کارشناسیارشد معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه صنعتی جندیشاپور، دزفول، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Wood has been one of the practical elements in the culture of Iranian architecture since ancient times and in various areas, its usage has amplified significantly and is considered as one of the most widely used decorative materials in Bushehr in such a way that many additional elements of the historical buildings of this city, including doors, windows, shutters and closes are made of wood. In the city of Bushehr, due to the need for ventilation and air blinds, the number of opening areas in the building have greatly increased. These openings, which are made and decorated with wood, played an imperative role in creating the beauty and visual diversity of the city. Unfortunately, due to the low resistance of wood to other building materials, many of these decorative structures in the building have been destroyed or damaged due to environmental conditions. Therefore, recognizing and collecting diverse types of these decorations in the city of Bushehr, that beholds a unique and exclusive architecture is one of the requirements of researchers in related fields. This research has been conducted via a descriptive-analytical method and by the use of valid library resources and field studies. Findings showed that in decorating doors and windows, form art as well as patterns that have plant and geometric content have been used more than other arts; hence, the use of Islamic motifs in the decoration of these elements is much less and human and animal motifs are less used in the specimens under study.
1. Recognition and analysis of various types of doors, windows and Orsi in Bushehr historical monuments.
2. Recognition of decorations and designs of wooden doors, windows and Orsi in Bushehr historical buildings.
1. What types of doors and windows have existed in the historical context of Bushehr port?
2. What are the wooden decorative components of Bushehr historical buildings?