نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد امارات، دبی، امارات متحده عربی.
2 دکتری تخصصی، گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت، تهران، ایران.
3 دکتری تخصصی، گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The architecture and construction of housing has long been one of the most significant human concerns and at the same time, it has been unswervingly associated with climatic conditions. Studying this architectural model along with its quantitative and qualitative features play a vital role in promoting sustainable architecture. Irreparable damages to the environment have been caused as the result of global warming and city pollution; therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the use of fossil energy resources and the limitation of fossil fuel resources by emphasizing the principles of sustainable architecture and indigenous buildings and its use in solving this crisis. The present research is accomplished by a descriptive and analytical method in two parts based on a qualitative system and a descriptive method. The study and analysis of selected samples of arid climates is completed based on three criteria of physical fit, spatial organization and criteria related to environmental conditions. Findings indicate that indigenous architecture in hot and dry climates is closely related to climatic conditions and by designing and adopting the most appropriate strategies, sustainable architecture can be achieved in these areas.
1.Detecting the degree of adaptation of indigenous architecture in the climate of arid regions.
2. Developing appropriate instructions based on the indigenous architectural features of cold, hot and dry areas.
1. What is the impact of the architecture of arid areas on the receiving environment?
2. What are the similarities and contrasts between hot and dry climates and cold and dry climates?