نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجو دکتری گروه معماری، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد، ایران.
2 دکتری تخصصی، گروه معماری، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد، ایران.
3 دکتری تخصصی، گروه شهرسازی، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Qajar period is known as the period of the beginning of extensive relations with the Western world. This relationship affected various aspects of Iranian society. Iranian art and architecture in the Qajar period, influenced by the currents of modernity and modernization, initiated a dissimilar manifestation. During this period, the achievements of the Western modernity era entered the body and spirit of the architecture of this period especially within cities, buildings and mansions. Consequently, the architectural decorations were also affected specifically in the facades, entrances, interiors and other architectural elements and components. The present study is a descriptive-analytical method and data is collected via a comparative study on the decorative features of Qajar buildings in Mashhad in the form of documentary and field studies. The general findings of the research show that despite the influences of Western architecture on the architecture of the buildings, the main decorative features applied are brickwork, tiling and plastering. Of course, Western decorative elements such as decorative columns and capitals, sloping ceilings, wooden roof decorations, murals, metal heaters can be observed that emphasize the influence of Western architecture and decorations in the buildings of this period.
Investigating the effects of late Qajar architecture on Mashhad houses with emphasis on decorative elements.
Recognition of imported and traditional decorations in the houses of the late Qajar period.
What decorative aspects of Qajar architecture have been institutionalized in residential areas (Mashhad city)?
Which Qajar decorative features continued from the preceding epoch and influenced the residential buildings of this period?