عنوان مقاله [English]
Islamic art and civilization has developed under the influence of various factors from the beginning to the present day. In the meantime, Iranians have also made a significant contribution to this issue. After the conquest of Iran, a suitable platform was provided for the use of the Iranians' civil experience as they bestowed a distinguished civilizational experience and background in real estate and civil affairs. The role of Iranian secretaries in the bureaucracy of the Abbasid era has not been accurately explained. Before the Arabization of Islamic bureaucracy, Iranian secretaries were not only executives and managers of the administrative and financial institutions of the government; but also played the main and essential role in the transition from native bureaucracy to Arab administration. The present research has been carried out in a descriptive and analytical way and by relying on the data of library sources. The research findings indicate that Iranian art and civilization and Iranian secretaries played a central role in the rise of bureaucracy in the Islamic civilization of the Abbasid era. The foundations of Islamic bureaucracy, from the beginning of its establishment to its complementary and evolutionary stages, were grounded by Iranian scribes and relying on the civil heritage of Sassanid Iran. By transferring cultural and artistic data, Iranians were significant in granting identity to art and civilization in the Abbasid era.
1. Explaining the role of Iranian bureaucracy on the development and emergence of the institution of court during the Abbasid Caliphate.
2. Clarifying the role of Iranians in the development of art in the Abbasid era.
1. What is the contribution of Iranians in the development and consolidation of organizations and bureaucracy during the Abbasid Caliphate?
2. What was the role of Iranians in the development of art in the Abbasid era?