عنوان مقاله [English]
Symbols exist as a representative or exemplification of a variation of the self. Electing an element or species from among all prevailing types and highlighting the various means of that phenomenon or element is what makes that element categorized as a sign or symbol. A sign is whatever thing that can reveal an implied meaning in addition to its appearance. They method of representing these features are related to field of epistemology and semantics. In the present research, by applying a historical-interpretive, the symbols and signs and various structures in the field of architecture are studied; furthermore, it is pursued to scrutinize their associations with the historical buildings of the Qajar period. In order to explore the cause and effect relationships in the historical houses of Ardabil, Tabriz and Urmia have been selected that have the most diverse architectural features of the Qajar period in terms of external and operational structures. The findings of the research indicate that the characteristics, similarities and differences of each of the case examples while considering their special and unique features and bearing in mind their values, can be evaluated based on ordinal and relative scales. The architectural meaning of each case study are presented separately and their characteristics and connections are observed.
1. Identifying the meaning and concept of symbols and signs in the architecture of the Qajar period in historical houses of Ardabil, Tabriz and Urmia.
2. Classifying the influencing factors on the formation of symbols and signs in the architecture of historical houses of the Qajar period.
1. What is the cause and effect relationship between the symbols and signs in the historical houses of the Qajar period in the cities of Ardabil, Tabriz and Urmia and the associations between them?
2. What is the architectural meaning of each of the symbols and signs of the historical houses of the Qajar period in the cities of Ardabil, Tabriz and Urmia?