عنوان مقاله [English]
The mosque is a manifestation of the arts, in which not only does religion meet with art, but it also has the most important manifestations of Islamic art and its distinctive features. The body connection of the mosques to the geometry and motifs used in them, the unity and manifestation of the oneness of the unique Creator in the physical body texture, is one of the essential factors in the formation of spiritual identity and sacred culture. Iran and the Ottoman Empire in the Safavid era, due to differences in religion, political rivalries, and European influence in both countries saw new relations and cultural and artistic influences became tight. Understanding the structural features of the architecture of the Safavid and Ottoman era, studying the mosques of Sheikh Lotfollah and Sultan Ahmad (as a case study) and how to apply the concepts and elements of architecture, as well as considering the architectural practices of the region and geographical location, the relationship of the bodies and spaces to each other and the positioning of the mosque building bodies and their relation to each other is also important. The present research is accomplished via descriptive and analytical methods and relying on library resources. The findings of the research indicate that despite the mystery and patterns of the whole building in Islamic buildings and the difference between the two mosques, we still encounter a display of harmony and many decorations. Therefore, the form and procedure behind each decoration are in line with Islamic values and concepts and express unity and accord.
1. Investigating the relationship between the body of mosques and their geometric features in order to revive the original identity of Islamic architecture.
2. Studying the geometry used in the physical elements and designs of the two mosques of Sheikh Lotfollah and Sultan Ahmad Mosque.
1. What are the differences and similarities in terms of physical elements and their relationship with each other in the two mosques of Sheikh Lotfollah and Sultan Ahmad?
2. What geometric features are visiable in the physical elements and designs of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque and Sultan Ahmad Mosque?