نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری زبان و ادبیات فارسی، واحد قائمشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قائمشهر، ایران.
2 دکتری تخصصی، دانشیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، واحد قائمشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قائمشهر، ایران.
3 دکتری تخصصی، استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، واحد قائمشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قائمشهر، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Women, members of human society who have played a significant role in the survival of societies, have vital roles in various literary and artistic works. One of the poets who has dealt with this subject is Nezami Ganjavi in which his artistic poetry was later illustrated by artists of the Safavid period. The study and recognition of female personality in this literary and artistic work can clarify the role and position of women in this historical period. The research method is based on library research with an analytical-descriptive approach. The results of the research show that in comparison with contemporaries and the requirements of the time, women have a relatively sublime and respectable position in the intellectual style of Nezami; moreover, this is both comparable and in some respects quite different from De Beauvoir outlook. Nezami and De Beauvoir share intellectual differences in that they regard women as independent and free personalities, nonetheless, in some areas, including the discussion of the emphasis on gender and the physical dimension, as well as the spiritual dimension of female personality, there are significant differences between their thinking styles. In the point of view of Simone de Beauvoir; he gives women absolute freedom in all areas and at the same time limits their needs to sexual and physical dimensions, but in the Nezami’s style of thinking, women have a high status and dignity that has the potentiality to become a developed personality and be promoted to the highest social and mystical levels. Thus, in general, Nezami, as a result of benefiting from the teachings of Islam and Islamic mysticism, considers women to have a higher status than the view of de Beauvoir and has considered almost all aspects of female personality, but then again, Simone de Beauvoir, due to his emphasis on the mere presence of a woman in society and the attention to her physical and sexual dimension has merely considered her material and worldly needs.
1. An analysis of female personality in viewpoint of Nezami and Simone de Beauvoir.
2. A study of female personality in Khamseh Nezami Tahmasebi.
1. What are the most important characteristics of a woman from Nezami and Simone de Beauvoir point of view?
2. What are the most important characteristics of a woman in Khamseh Nezami?