عنوان مقاله [English]
Magical realism refers to a narrative style that seeks to blend the impossible and the unbelievable with the everyday world. One of the best writers of this style is Gabriel García Márquez from Latin America. In the field of mystical literature, magical realism has shown itself in different ways. The books of Tazkira-al-Awliya, Asrar al-Towheed and Qoshiriyyeh treatise contain unique types of magical realism. Examining the elements of realism in these works and its reflection in the culture and art of this period sheds light on the nature of realism in this historical period. The present research has been carried out by descriptive-analytical method and relying on data from library sources. The studied community is the books of Qoshiriyyeh treatise and the order of al-Saluk by Abul Qasim Qoshiri, and the time under study is the fifth century of Hijri, the peak time of Sufism and Islamic mysticism in Iran. The results of this research show that the surreal and real events in Qoshiriyeh's treatise and the order of conduct have been put together in such a way that, despite being extraordinary, it does not seem unusual to the reader. In both works, elements of magical realism such as communication with the unseen world, communication with the dead and de-familiarization can be seen. The extension of this literary feature can be seen in the culture and art of the fifth-century AD.
1. Investigating the elements of magical realism in Qoshiriyyeh's treatise and the order of behavior
2. Examining the examples of realism in the culture and art of the fifth-century Hijra.
1. To what extent did the elements of magical realism appear in Qoshiriyeh's treatise and the order of behavior?
2. Have the elements of realism rejected the culture and art of the 5th century?