عنوان مقاله [English]
The two great epics of world literature, the Shahnameh and the Odyssey, have many differences and commonalities. One of the notable topics is the category of "deceit and painting". Deception and fraud is one of the categories that existed in diverse cultures of the world. In the stories of the mentioned works, this phenomenon has manifested many times in various forms and has become a means for writing stories. Circumstances of trickery and deception, impersonation and disguise are evident in these works. The current research is accomplished via a comparative and analytical method and relies on data from library sources. The findings of the research indicate that from this point of view, deception and disguise in the Shahnameh is completed through changing the clothes and face, becoming anonymous, denying the identity, playing a role, hiding the name and impersonation; meanwhile, in the Odyssey, the phenomenon is carried out by changing the clothes and face, becoming anonymous, role-playing and masking the identity by the gods. Although structural similarities of this type are rarely seen in both works; many differences in terms of the type of exploitation exist. Hence, regarding trickery and deception, there are similarities and differences in the two mentioned literary works.
1. Investigation and analysis of deception and disguise without considering the difference of historical period, geographical environment, cultural and historical structure of Iran and Greece.
2. Comparison and analogy, similarities and differences, deception and scheme from the point of view of disguise.
1. What are the types of deception and disguises in Shahnameh and Odyssey? How are they reflected and applied?
2. What are the similarities and differences between this type of deception and misrepresentation in the Shahnameh and Odyssey?