عنوان مقاله [English]
Adopted political structures and approaches play a central role in the quality of art and literature. The first Pahlavi era should be considered as a great and epoch-making transition in the contemporary history of Iran. It was during this age that the emergence of a huge intellectual and political movement known as modernization, initiated the beginning of the construction of modern Iran. Thus, the Shah and his statesmen, as the political and cultural leaders of this trend, were committed to drawing the policy of writers, poets and artists. The articulation of this idea, which was cast in the form of a hegemony, dictated the two ideas of Iranianism and modernism at the same time in a corresponding manner. Although these two ideas came from the constitutional and Qajar descent and even earlier than that, in the first Pahlavi era, due to major regional and global transformations and events, they were considered a completely emerging idea in a discourse cycle. The change in the expression style of the artists indicated this transformation; As a result, the atmosphere of authoritarian political culture did not create a favorable environment for artists, specifically for writers and poets. The creation of relative freedoms in culture and art production, the originality of perception and the promotion of taste in art and architecture based on the aesthetic values of ancient art and modernism, and the birth and achievement of valuable transhistoricity and artistic works can be considered among the achievements of this movement. The findings of this research, complied via the aid of library sources and following a historical-analytical method, conclude that Iranianism in its archaism approach and the powerful central government with its modernity-oriented approach are two reliable factors in the construction of Pahlavi art and literature.
1. Investigating cultural policies in the art and literature of the first Pahlavi age.
2. Understanding the role of cultural policies in explaining the aesthetic values of first Pahlavi art and literature.
1. What were the policies of culture policymakers to create aesthetic values of art and literature of the first Pahlavi period?
2. How and to what extent did the ideology of "Iranianism and modernism" influence the authoritarian construction of the first Pahlavi art and literature?