عنوان مقاله [English]
The formation of native Iranian architectural elements is strongly influenced by environmental factors. By studying, recognizing and analyzing Mazandaran's native architectural patterns, one can understand how such structures can adapt to climatic conditions. Recognizing patterns are one of the significant topics that strives to recognize practical methods to achieve the elements and patterns of native identity. This article has been compiled with the aim of creating design solutions for architects in order to benefit from the use of native architectural patterns in buildings. Therefore, it is based on corresponding the functional spaces of native houses with the climatic characteristics of the Caspian Sea shore areas (Mazandaran province) and determining patterns. In regard to housing spaces of the mentioned regions, the following questions are raised: are the types of native houses in the temperate and humid regions of Iran (Mazandaran) in terms of the patterns of internal functional spaces suitable for the climate of the region? and how are the climatic characteristics of the region influential in the overall house formation? By examining the climate components, it is depicted that the native architectural features of Mazandaran province have a direct relationship and are in harmony with the climatic stratum of the region; moreover, it improves the comfort level of the house during the summer. Finally, it can be concluded that the native houses of the region are in accordance with the climatic zoning and environment; in addition, natural ventilation is the most important factor affecting the improvement of environmental comfort. The results of the research, with the aim of exploiting the potential of natural ventilation, will aid the architect in selecting the optimal design parameters for creating a design compatible with the climate of the region.
1. Do certain physical patterns govern the architecture of Mazandaran?
2. Does the porch, as a main element in Iranian architecture, have physical characteristics that can accelerate building ventilation, especially in the coastal areas of Mazandaran?
1. Investigating the architectural pattern of the native house in various types of native housing in Mazandaran province.
2. Recognizing the effective factors in the formation of the porch in Iranian architecture by focusing on the residential buildings of Mazandaran province.