نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The great Khorasan witnessed remarkable developments in the construction of the Sufi mausoleums during the Timurid period and the tomb of Mawlana Abu Bakr Taybadi is no exception in this regard. The tomb was built in 848 AH on the order of Pir Ahmad Khafi, minister of Shahrokh Timurid, by the greatest architects of the Timurid period (two brothers called Ghiyath al-Din and Qavameddin Shirazi) in Taybad to be used as a mosque and prayer hall. What distinguishes this building in terms of architectural and archaeological studies is the use of applied geometry of the Timurid period in construction of this monument. In the present study, it is attempted to use the library resources as well as field observation and recording through an analytical approach. It can be argued that one of the distinctive features of the Timurid architecture is the use of geometry in architectural designs as much as possible, representation of which can be seen in the plan, the high veranda, and the done house of Mawlana Abu Bakr Taybadi’s tomb. By geometric analysis of this building, it can be stated that the architects have used the derivatives of √3, √5, and √2 in the design of the plan, the dome house, the façade and the veranda of this monument.