نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری باستان شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشیار و عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه تهران (نویسنده مسول)
3 استاد و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
4 استاد یار و عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ابهر
عنوان مقاله [English]
Persepolis is the name of one of the ancient cities of Iran that has been the glorious capital of the Achaemenid kingdom for many years. In this ancient city there is a palace called Persepolis, built during the reign of Darius the Great, Khashayarshah and Ardashir I and has been around for about 5 years. Persepolis, though still exposed to various natural and abnormal elements, experiences tangible and intangible erosion with all its components. It is one of the most important monuments in the world. The general background of Persepolis has been cited many times. But less is known about its degradation factors, this is a fundamental research that has been done through library and field studies based on laboratory methods such as (XRD, XRF, SEM). . The results show that there is no evidence of deliberate destruction, neither in Alexander's day nor after. The palaces were destroyed due to the weakness of the building and the large distance. These palaces were destroyed naturally and for practical reasons. At the same time, the grandeur of these palaces is likely to remain as monuments.
Purpose of the article
1-Investigation of damages as well as natural factors that could have caused damage to Persepolis area
2.The validity of Greek historians' claims of Alexander's invasion of Iran
1. Have natural factors influenced the destruction of Persepolis complex?
2. Did Alexander's attack damage Persepolis complex?