عنوان مقاله [English]
Indisputably, beauty is one of the fundamental elements of art in various societies. This issue has instigated researchers in various periods to attempt to analyze the criteria of beauty in works of art in various ways. In Europe, the Renaissance can be considered as one of the brightest eras of art and exquisiteness. Painting was one of the most chief arts and Leonardo da Vinci was one of the most significant painters of this period. The Last Supper of Christ is one of the most significant events in Christianity. Many artists throughout history have addressed the issue, one of the most imperative of which is Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper mural. The prominence of this work is such that it has been analyzed and studied from diverse aspects. In Medieval Art and Beauty, Umberto Eco discusses the formation of art and its broad angles. The formation of Renaissance art owes much to medieval tradition and art. On the other hand, the theories and ideas of Umberto Eco in the twentieth century, which is mainly an explanation of beauty, show a new perspective on the intellectual infrastructure of Renaissance artists, which is especially evident in the theory of Da Vinci art. The present study has investigated this issue in a descriptive and analytical manner based on library sources. In the present study, quantitative criteria in Da Vinci Art Theory include the use of symmetry, proportionality, perspective, and applied principles of mathematics in field of art. The results indicate that Umberto Eco's aesthetic theories underlie the formation of Renaissance theories and art, especially in the formation of Da Vinci's works, a case study of which is The Last Supper.
1. To quantitatively observe an aesthetic review in Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper;
2. To explain the infrastructures of the formation of Renaissance art and its reflection in Da Vinci's Last Supper with the approach of Umberto Eco's theories.
1. What are the quantitative criteria such as dexterity and coordination in the formation of Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper?
2. How does Umberto Eco's analytical discussions show the quantitative infrastructure in Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper?