عنوان مقاله [English]
Semiotics is the study of the system of methods of signs to obtain the various intellectual backgrounds of the poet or writer. Symbols and symbols express an intangible experience with polysemy capability and uncertainty of meanings; Hence, the symbol finds many examples and the only way to understand its meaning is interpretation. Accordingly, in order to reach the meaning of the symbol, one must dig from the superstructure to the deep structure, taking into account the structure and texture of the text. Molana is a mystic and semantic poet who has used symbols to pay for his thought patterns. He paid a lot of attention to nature and natural symbols, and considering that he was familiar with people and with them, he tried to portray the environment and life of the people of that time correctly. By discovering the signs in the text of Shams's sonnets, the authors have tried to reach the various and contradictory layers of Molana's thought, and through this, they have been able to approach Molana's character and mysticism and make his meaning of each subject clear to the public.